Red Gum

Eucalyptus camaldulensis is commonly known as river red gum because of the red heartwood. It is one of the best admired and best-known trees in the Australian landscape. The tree comes under the genus Eucalyptus. There are around 800 species are within this genus. A native of Australia, the red gum is a plantation species in most parts of the world. It is abundantly grown near the inland watercourses. The tree has a major role in stabilizing the river banks. The maximum growth of this tree is up to 148 ft (45 meters). The leaves of red gum are dense and large. The color of smooth bark ranges from white and grey to red-brown. The color of adult leaves is dull blue-green. Lots of oil-producing glands can be seen even in its leaves.

The tree grows very fast depending on the locations. If the conditions are favourable, red gum grows somewhat straight. However, twisted branches may develop if the tree grows in drier conditions. Eucalyptus camaldulensis has one subspecies and two variations. The subspecies Eucalyptus simulate can be found in North Queensland. The variations of Eucalyptus camaldulensis are E camaldulensis var. camaldulensis and E camldulensis var oblusa.

The brilliant red wood of red gum ranges from a light pink to almost black. However, it depends on weathering and age of the tree. Hand working is somewhat difficult because it is brittle and often cross-grained. Traditionally, this tree is used for rot resistant applications such as sleepers, fence posts, and slumps. A careful selection is required for avoiding reactions in humidity. Red gum is one of the widely planted eucalyptuses in the world. Infrequent flooding due to water regulation leads to inadequate water to recharge the floodplain. It will lead to the stunted tree growth, poor conditions for seed germination, and death of existing trees. The sustainability of river red gum habitat is changed due to lack of flooding in floodplain areas. This is also the breeding ground for other species as well.

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